According to the current legislation there are four types of auctions to be held in 2016:
- for exisisting agricultural biogas installations with installed capacity of no more than 1 MW,
- for exisisting agricultural biogas installations with installed capacity of more than 1 MW,
- for new installations, so called “others”, especially photovoltaics, wind energy installations, certain hydroplants of installed capacity smaller or equal 1 MW,
- for exisisting installations with installed capacity of no more than 1 MW which meet the criterion of the degree of use of installed capacity above 3504 MWh/MW/year and emissivity of no greater 100 kg/MWh (in particular certain hydroplants).
Auctions are won by a participant who offers the lowest price of electricity until a pool of quantity or value of electricity intended for sale during the specific auction finishes.
On 27th October Polish Ministry of Energy confirmed auctions for PV to be announced yet in 2016 and it is happening nowadays. Ministry assumed that under the planned auctions PV installations of 100 MW installed power will emerge. Deputy Minister, Andrzej Piotrowski stressed his expectations as most of them will have been installed by the summer of 2017. He noted that support for these installations will be granted for a period of 15 years. In addition, due to the observed large supply of investment projects in this area of technology, prices in auctions for the purchase of energy from PV installations are expected to be very attractive.
Ministry agreed that photovoltaics played an important role with regard to Polish energetic safety. Authorities let the creation of PV systems precisely because of the rapid development process, which will allow to verify efficiency of the auction system quickly.
Moreover, PV installations provide electricity during the peak demand, with particular emphasis on the summer period. This is of a great significance in Poland as in summer of 2015 the operator of a national power grid (Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne) announced the 20th feed rate, which was caused by a heat wave that hit Poland at that time. This resulted in the extremely high demand for electricity for what both the operator and energy producers were not prepared for. Access to energy was limited to large-scale consumers and people were suggested to reduce energy consumption so that Poland avoided a huge blackout.
Based on: Ministry of Energy
Main picture: PV power station by ENERGA, source: Paweł Wyszomirski/ www.redseven.pl